Research Article

Efficacy of Home-made and Commercial Trapping Baits for the Management of Fruit Flies in Mandarin Orchards  

Prashanna Acharya1 , Nirajan Acharya1 , Karishma Bhusal1 , Binita Lamsal1 , Riya Pradhan1 , Shashi Pandey1 , Madhav Prasad Lamsal2 , Jiban Shrestha3
1 Faculty of Agriculture, Agriculture and Forestry University, Rampur, Chitwan, 44800, Nepal
2 Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, Prime Minister Agriculture Modernization Project, PIU, Syangja, 33800, Nepal
3 National Plant Breeding and Genetics Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, 44700, Nepal
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Horticulture, 2024, Vol. 14, No. 3   doi: 10.5376/ijh.2024.14.0014
Received: 26 Mar., 2024    Accepted: 28 Apr., 2024    Published: 17 May, 2024
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Acharya P., Acharya N., Bhusal K., Lamsal B., Pradhan R., Pandey S., Lamsal M.P., and Shrestha J., 2024, Efficacy of home-made and commercial trapping baits for the management of fruit flies in Mandarin orchards, International Journal of Horticulture, 14(3): 121-128 (doi: 10.5376/ijh.2024.14.0014)


The current study was done to appraise the efficacy of different homemade and commercial baits in fruit fly monitoring and examine the lure that attracts fruit flies in citrus orchards at Syangja, Nepal from Feb to June 2022. The two commercial pheromones used in the experiment were Cue Lure 40 mL and Methyl Eugenol 40 mL and the other five home-based baits were Apple Cider Vinegar, Yeast fermented sugar, Mint lure, Local Brewery Liquor and Banana Lure. Lynfield traps with lures were placed in the orchard. The lures were replaced every 15 days and the traps in 50 days intervals. In this experiment, different species of fruit flies were caught; Z. tau, Z. cucurbitae, B. dorsalis, B. dorsalis complexB.minax, and few counts of Z. scutellaris and B. zonata. The commercial baits used in this experiment in both trappings were able to attract the highest number of fruit flies; all of which were male. Cue lure showed the best result for Zeugodacus species with the highest trapping (68%) of Zeugodacus males while Methyl eugenol trapped a high percentage for Bactrocera species with Bactrocera dorsalis males (63%). Among the homemade baits, ACV trapping was high (16.1%) for male species of Zeugodacus tau, and PH (yeast lure) for Bactrocera minax male species (59%). Moreover, Banana lure was found effective for Bactrocera dorsalis male and ACV for Bactrocera zonata male and female species. In comparing the males and females of Zeugodacus species, cue lure had the better result for trapping males and methyl eugenol for females of Zeugodacus tau sp. Females of both Zeugodacus and Bactrocera species were less trapped in the lures in comparison. 

Cue lure; Fruit fly; Mandarin; Apple cider vinegar
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International Journal of Horticulture
• Volume 14
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. Prashanna Acharya
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. Madhav Prasad Lamsal
. Jiban Shrestha
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