Research Report

Varietal Performance on Flowering of Different Varieties of Mango (Mangifera indica) at Sarlahi, Nepal  

Kiran Thapa1 , Rupesh Chaudhary2 , Pratiksha Sharma3 , Sunil Kumar Chaudhary4 , Poojan Adhikari1 , Pawan Pyakurel1 , Arati Chapai1
1 College of Natural Resource Management, Bardibas, Mahottari, 45700, Nepal
2 Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, 44800, Nepal
3 Department of economics and agri-business management, Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, 44800, Nepal
4 Plant Protection Officer, Tropical Horticulture Centre, Sarlahi, 45800, Nepal
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Horticulture, 2024, Vol. 14, No. 3   doi: 10.5376/ijh.2024.14.0018
Received: 06 Apr., 2024    Accepted: 17 May, 2024    Published: 21 Jun., 2024
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Thapa K., Chaudhary R., Sharma P., Chaudhary S.K., Adhikari P., Pyakurel P., and Chapai A., 2024, Varietal performance on flowering of different varieties of mango (Mangifera indica) at Sarlahi, Nepal, International Journal of Horticulture, 14(3): 157-162 (doi: 10.5376/ijh.2024.14.0018)

Abstract

Floral characteristics of 10 mango varieties were studied during February-June, 2023. Distinct variations were found among the studied varieties. Significant variation were observed in term of length of inflorescence, width of inflorescence, number of male flower per inflorescence, number of female flower per inflorescence, sex ratio, % male flower, % hermaphrodite flower ranging from 20.9 cm to 31.9 cm, 11.3 cm to 19.7 cm, 279 to 1,363, 59 to 230.7, 1.25 to 19.63, 50.8% to 94.1% and 5.93% to 49.24%, respectively. The result revealed in all varieties inflorescence position were found terminal and flowers were of pentamerous type. Jarda has the longest inflorescence (31.9 cm). Dasheri has the widest inflorescence (19.7 cm). Male flowers were more than hermaphrodite flowers across the varieties. Amrapali has the highest number of hermaphrodite flower (230.7). Bombay has the highest number of male flowers (1,363) and highest sex ratio (19.63). From this study, it can be inferred that Amrapali will have more fruit set as it has highest number of hermaphrodite flowers. The findings of the study will be beneficial for breeding purpose while developing new varieties of superior quality.

Keywords
Mango (Mangifera indica); Inflorescence; Hermaphrodite; Sex ratio; Pentamerous
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International Journal of Horticulture
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. Kiran Thapa
. Rupesh Chaudhary
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. Arati Chapai
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