Research Report

Effect of Scion Varieties and Wrapping Materials on the Success of Tongue Grafting on Apple (Malus spp.) in Jumla, Nepal  

Dharma Prasad Chapai1 , Sisam Gautam1 , Madhav Dhital2 , Karishma Bhusal1 , Rabin Nepal1 , Aayush Rijal1
1 Faculty of Agriculture, Agriculture and Forestry University, Rampur, Chitwan, 44209, Nepal
2 Department of Horticulture, Agriculture and Forestry University, Rampur, Chitwan, 44209, Nepal
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Horticulture, 2024, Vol. 14, No. 1   doi: 10.5376/ijh.2024.14.0002
Received: 05 Jan., 2024    Accepted: 26 Jan., 2024    Published: 08 Feb., 2024
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Chapai D.P., Gautam S., Dhital M., Bhusal K., Nepal R., and Rijal A., 2024, Effect of scion varieties and wrapping materials on the success of tongue grafting on apple (Malus spp.) in Jumla, Nepal, International Journal of Horticulture, 14(1): 11-17 (doi: 10.5376/ijh.2024.14.0002)


This study was conducted at Chandannath municipality, Jumla to study the effect of different scion varieties and wrapping materials on the success of tongue grafting on Apple (Malus spp.) from March to July, 2023. For this experiment, four scion varieties of apple i.e. Fuji, Royal Delicious, Vance Delicious, and Red Chief were grafted on Edy Mayal rootstock by using two different wrapping materials (Polyethylene plastic and Grafting tape). The experiment was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. Royal Delicious was found statistically significant for days to sprout and the number of leaves was on par with Red Chief and Vance Delicious. Royal Delicious showed the minimum days to sprouting (47.3 days) maximum number of leaves (18.50) and minimum sprout length (31.45 cm). In addition, graft success was found to be significant for scion variety at a 10% level of significance. The maximum graft success was observed on both Red Chief and Royal Delicious (96.67%) while was low on the Vance Delicious variety (76.67%). Grafting tape was found to be superior to polyethylene plastic in terms of number of leaves. The graft union tied with grafting tape developed more leaves on scion (18.25) compared to the other tied with polyethylene plastic (16.91) at final observation. No interaction effect was observed at all parameters. Based on the results of this study, Royal Delicious variety is the best scion variety for tongue grafting and grafting tape is the best wrapping material under the climatic conditions of Jumla district.

Grafting; Graft success; Scion varieties; Wrapping materials
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International Journal of Horticulture
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. Dharma Prasad Chapai
. Sisam Gautam
. Madhav Dhital
. Karishma Bhusal
. Rabin Nepal
. Aayush Rijal
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