Research Article

Effect of Powdery Mildew on Physiological and Biochemical Indexes of Different Melon Varieties  

Qiannan Diao1 , Yanyan Cao1 , Xuejun Jiang2 , Youyuan Chen1 , Yongping Zhang1
1 Horticultural Research Institute, Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Protected Horticultural Technology, Shanghai 201106, China
2 Jinshan District Agriculture Technology Extension Center, Shanghai 201599, China
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Horticulture, 2023, Vol. 13, No. 4   doi: 10.5376/ijh.2023.13.0004
Received: 21 Mar., 2023    Accepted: 28 Mar., 2023    Published: 06 Apr., 2023
© 2023 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This article was first published in Molecular Plant Breeding in Chinese, and here was authorized to translate and publish the paper in English under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Diao Q.N., Cao Y.Y., Jiang X.J., Chen Y.Y., and Zhang Y.P., 2023, Effect of powdery mildew on physiological and biochemical indexes of different melon varieties, International Journal of Horticulture, 13(4): 1-8 (doi: 10.5376/ijh.2023.13.0004)

Abstract

In order to study the effect of melon powdery mildew on the physiological indexes of different melon varieties, high resistant to melon powdery mildew variety ‘16-6’, medium resistant to melon powdery mildew variety ‘04-38’, and highly susceptible melon powdery mildew variety ‘15B-42’ were used as materials. The activities of antioxidant defense system enzymes, the contents of malondialdehyde (MDA), soluble protein and chlorophyll, and the photosynthetic indicators in leaves of melon seedlings were assayed after inoculated with powdery mildew 1 d, 3 d, 5 d, 7 d and 9 d. The results showed that after inoculation with powdery mildew, except for superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, the defense enzyme activities, including peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT), ascorbic acid peroxidase (APX), phenylalanine ammonialyase (PAL) and polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and the MDA content in leaves of the three melon varieties showed a trend of first increase and then decrease, and the increment amplitude of the resistant lines was larger than that of the susceptible lines ; the contents of chlorophyll and soluble protein, and the five photosynthetic indicators, including the net photosynthetic rate (Pn), the stomatal conductance (Gs), the intercellular CO2 concentration (Ci), the transpiration rate (Tr) and the stomatal limitation (Ls) of leaves of the three melon varieties decreased with different amplitude after inoculation , and the decrement amplitude of the resistant lines was smaller than that of the susceptible lines.

Keywords
Melon; Powdery mildew; Defense enzyme activity; Photosynthetic characteristics
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