Research Report

Determinants of Fertilizer Use in Arable Crop Production among Small Holder Farmers in Osun State, Nigeria  

Isiaka Olayinka Baruwa
Department of Agricultural Economics Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Horticulture, 2016, Vol. 6, No. 3   doi: 10.5376/ijh.2016.06.0003
Received: 10 Jan., 2016    Accepted: 20 Feb., 2016    Published: 31 Mar., 2016
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Baruwa O.I., 2016, Determinants of fertilizer use in arable crop production among small holder farmers in Osun State, Nigeria, International Journal of Horticulture, 6(3): 1-7 (doi: 10.5376/ijh.2016.06.0003)


Over the last three decades food insecurity is increasing in the nations of the world, different strategies were embarked upon to prevent the explosion of this problem one of which is the innovation of improved input materials for agriculture. The use of fertilizer is a result of improved technologies put in place; and since it was introduced farmers have different perception about it, hence difference in level of use of fertilizer among farmers which is due to different factors. The study evaluated the factors influencing the use of fertilizer in arable crop production among smallholder farmers in Osun State, Nigeria. Multistage sampling technique was adopted to obtained information from 120 respondents using purposive and random selection. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis. Results showed that total farm output in naira, level of education, farm size, number of farmland owned and total cost of crop inputs were important factors influencing farmers’ use of fertilizer in arable crop production while gender, age, family size, price of fertilizer and income from other farm enterprise owned by farmers were not significant and can constitute the constraints to the use of fertilizer. Based on these, it was recommended that government and other policy makers therefore need to increase farmers’ knowledge and skills through formal and informal educational institutions such as extension services, public awareness programs to enhance the use of fertilizer among arable crop farmers, resulting in increase in agricultural productivity and food security of the country. 

Determinants; Fertilizer use; Smallholder; Arable crop; Nigeria
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