Morphological and Pomological Evaluation of Almond (Prunus dulcis) Cultivars under North West Himalayan Region of India  

Kumar D. , Ahmed N.
Division of Crop Production, ICAR-CISH, Lucknow-226101, India
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Horticulture, 2015, Vol. 5, No. 15   doi: 10.5376/ijh.2015.05.0015
Received: 27 Aug., 2015    Accepted: 17 Sep., 2015    Published: 24 Nov., 2015
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Kumar D., Ahmed N., 2015, Morphological and pomological evaluation of almond (Prunus dulcis) cultivars under north west Himalayan region of India International Journal of Horticulture, 2015, Vol.5, No.15 1-6 (doi: 10.5376/ijh.2015.05.0015)


The main aim of this study to evaluate nine almond cultivars for morphological, flowering, nut yield and quality traits under north western Himalayan region of India. The results of four year pooled data indicated that maximum TCSA (152.02 cm2) and canopy volume (11.53 m3) were recorded in Non Pareil variety of almond. Earliest bud burst, flowering and fruit set were recorded in Makhdoom cultivar and late bud burst, flowering and fruit set were recorded in California paper Shell cultivar of almond. Significantly highest cumulative nut yield (19.66 kg/tree and 12.28 t/ha) was recorded in Pranyaj cultivar of almond. Highest nut weight (3.90 g) and kernel weight (2.06 g) was recorded in IXL cultivar of almond. Nut size, kernel size and ratio were maximum in California Paper shell. Minimum shell weight (0.55 g) and shell thickness (1.38 mm) were recorded in Merced cultivar of almond under North West Himalayan region of India.

Almond; TCSA; Canopy volume; Nut yield; Quality
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