Review and Progress

White Tea: A Review on Composition Characteristics, Extraction Techniques, and Application Potentials  

Anqi Guo1 , Huafang Feng2 , Pu Jing1,3 , Yu Lan2 , Xiaonian Cao2
1 Shanghai Food Safety and Engineering Technology Research Center, Key Lab of Urban Agriculture Ministry of Agriculture, School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, China
2 Luzhou Laojiao Co., Ltd., Luzhou, Sichuan, 646000, China
3 Shanghai Jiao Tong University Sichuan Research Institute, Sichuan, 610213, China
Author    Correspondence author
Journal of Tea Science Research, 2024, Vol. 14, No. 1   doi: 10.5376/jtsr.2024.14.0003
Received: 24 Feb., 2024    Accepted: 09 Apr., 2024    Published: 10 May, 2024
© 2024 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Guo A.Q., Feng H.F., Jing P., Lan Y., and Cao X.N., 2024, White tea: a review on composition characteristics, extraction techniques, and application potentials, Journal of Tea Science Research, 14(1): 19-43 (doi: 10.5376/jtsr.2024.14.0003)


White tea has gained significant popularity worldwide due to its health benefits. As the least processed type of tea, white tea is known for preserving a high level of bioactive phytochemicals from fresh tea leaves. However, the composition of white tea can vary widely depending on factors such as harvest season, processing methods, and storage conditions. To effectively utilize the bioactive compounds in white tea, the extraction process plays a crucial role, and researchers have been actively exploring optimal parameters and innovative techniques to improve extraction efficiency. Additionally, extensive research is being conducted to uncover the diverse functionalities of white tea, leading to new discoveries and insights into its applications in the food and therapeutic industries. This review provides an overview of the compositional profiles of different white teas, highlights advances in the optimization of white tea extraction, and provides up-to-date literature on the diverse functional properties of white tea.

White tea; Composition characteristics; Extraction techniques; Bioactivity
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