Review and Progress

The Origin and Distribution of Tea Trees and Tea in China   

Chuchu Liu
Institute of Life Science, Jiyang College of Zhejiang A&F University, Zhuji, 311800, China
Author    Correspondence author
Journal of Tea Science Research, 2023, Vol. 13, No. 2   doi: 10.5376/jtsr.2023.13.0002
Received: 18 Jul., 2023    Accepted: 01 Aug., 2023    Published: 15 Aug., 2023
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Liu C.C., 2023, The origin and distribution of tea trees and tea in China, Journal of Tea Science Research, 13(2): 1-8 (doi: 10.5376/jtsr.2023.13.0002)


Tea (Camellia sinensis) originated from wild tea trees in the mountains of southern China, and after thousands of years of domestication and cultivation, China has developed major tea-producing regions with abundant tea resources and numerous excellent tea varieties. Tea not only holds an important position in China's history and culture, but it is also one of China's important economic crops. Since ancient times, Chinese people have loved drinking tea. The cultivation, production, and art of tea drinking, as well as tea culture, have had a profound impact on people's way of life, thinking, and social communication. This review explores the history of tea and its significant impact on Chinese culture, as well as the origin and domestication process of tea trees. It analyzes the main distribution regions and characteristics of tea trees in China, and summarizes recent research progress on the origin and distribution of Chinese tea trees and tea. The review provides a reference for further research on the quality of Chinese tea and the preservation of tea tree germplasm resources.

Chinese tea tree (Camellia sinensis); Tea; Tea culture; Origin; Distribution
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